Martin Johnson Heade was a U.S. painter. He studied in Europe and Britain, then returned to the U.S. to take up portrait and landscape painting.
An avid naturalist, he made extensive trips in South and Central America and the Caribbean (1863 – 70), where he produced luminous, meticulously detailed images of the tropical forests and landscapes. The New England coast and the rocky shore of Lake George, N.Y., also inspired notable paintings. He was a leading exponent of luminism.